It all ended in the sixties, but the German seminarians in Rome used to wear red as seen here. The locals, with affection, used to call them the "crabs." During the war all the nationalities of seminarians had been sent home. But afterwards, the Romans clamoured that they wanted to see again their seminarians in red and so in about 1948 they brought them back. It would be a giant step, but let's see what happens in the future.